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List of 49 Landlocked Countries Name, Types of Landlocked Countries

List of 49 Landlocked Countries Name, Types of Landlocked Countries


What is landlocked Country?

A country is considered landlocked when it is surrounded on all sides by one or more other countries and therefore has no direct access to a coastline providing access to the oceans. Landlocked countries are independent nations that are entirely surrounded by land or whose shorelines are on closed seas.

List of 49 Landlocked Countries Name


Some of these nations may have coastlines, but these are only on closed seas. Rivers might run through a portion of the region, and there can be bodies of water within the country’s borders, but each and every border is land-based, rather than water like an ocean shore.

How Many Countries are Landlocked?

Approximately one-fifth of the world's countries are landlocked, meaning they have no access to the oceans. There are currently 49 countries (including five partially recognized states) that are completely surrounded by at least one other country. 

Disadvantages landlocked Country-

Being landlocked has many disadvantages. Some landlocked countries rank among the poorest in the world.


  • ·        landlocked countries that do not have direct access to an ocean or ocean-accessible sea (such as the Mediterranean Sea)
  • ·        High transportation and transit costs because of a lack of access to ports.
  • ·        Lack of access to fishing and Sea food sources.
  • ·        Military limitations because of the lack of naval options.
Types of Landlock Countries-

There are two types of Landlock Countries, these are-


  1. 1.     Landlocked by a Single Country
Single Landlock country are those that are completely landlocked or surrounded on all sides by only one single country. There are three single landlock countries in the world.
(i)               San Marino - Surrounded by Italy
(ii)             Vatican City - Surrounded by Rome, the capitol city of Italy. and
(iii)          Lesotho - surrounded by South Africa.
Countries that are landlocked by a single country are known as enclave countries.

  1. 2.     Double-Landlocked Countries
A country is "doubly landlocked" or "double-landlocked" when it is surrounded only by landlocked countries (requiring the crossing of at least two national borders to reach a coastline). There are two such countries:
(i)               Liechtenstein in Central Europe, surrounded by Switzerland and Austria.
(ii)             Uzbekistan located in central Asia, which is surrounded by the landlocked countries of Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan.

There are two De facto states with limited or no international recognition: South Ossetia and Transnistria.

Disputed Regions that Are Landlocked

Four regions that are not fully recognized as independent countries are landlocked: Kosovo, Nagorno-Karabakh, South Ossetia, and Transnistria.

What is “De Facto/De Jure”?

De facto means a state of affairs that is true in fact, but that is not officially sanctioned. In contrast, de jure means a state of affairs that is in accordance with law (i.e. that is officially sanctioned).

What Is the Largest Landlocked Country?

The largest landlocked country is Kazakhstan in Central Asia. It's 1.03 million square miles (2.67 million km2) and is bordered by Russia, China, the Kyrgyz Republic, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and the landlocked Caspian Sea.

What Is the Smallest Landlocked Country?

The smallest landlocked the country is the city-state of Vatican City with an area of just 44 hectares (109 acres).

Which Continents Have No Landlocked-Countries?

North America has no landlocked countries, and Australia is rather obviously not landlocked. Within the United States, over half of the 50 states are landlocked with no direct access to the world's oceans. Many states, however, do have water access to the oceans via the Hudson Bay, Chesapeake Bay, or Mississippi River.

Landlocked Countries in South America

South America has just two landlocked countries: Bolivia and Paraguay.

Landlocked Countries in Europe

There are 17 landlocked countries in Europe: Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Kosovo, Czech Republic, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Switzerland, and Vatican City.

Landlocked Countries in Africa

Africa has 16 landlocked countries: Botswana, Burundi, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, South Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Lesotho is unusual in that it is landlocked by just one country (South Africa).

Landlocked Countries in Asia

Asia has 12 landlocked countries: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, Laos, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Note that several of the countries in western Asia border the landlocked Caspian Sea, a feature that does open some transit and trade opportunities.

List of 49 Landlocked Countries

Country or Territory
Area(km2)
Surrounding countries
Number of Surrounding Countries
Afghanistan
652,230
Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China, Pakistan
6
Andorra
468
France, Spain
2
Armenia[e]
29,743
Iran, Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan
4
Austria
83,871
Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Liechtenstein, Switzerland
8
Azerbaijan[a]
86,600
Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Turkey
4
Belarus
207,600
Poland, Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine, Latvia
5
Bhutan
38,394
India, China
2
Bolivia
1,098,581
Peru, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay
5
Botswana
582,000
Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa
4
Burkina Faso
274,222
Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast
6
Burundi
27,834
Rwanda, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo
3
Central African Republic
622,984
Chad, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, South Sudan
6
Chad
1,284,000
Libya, Niger, Sudan, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Cameroon
6
Czech Republic
78,867
Austria, Germany, Poland, Slovakia
4
Ethiopia
1,104,300
Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan
6
Hungary
93,028
Austria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine
7
Kazakhstan[a]
2,724,900
China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
5
Kosovo[c]
10,908
Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia
4
Kyrgyzstan
199,951
China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
4
Laos
236,800
Myanmar, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand
5
Lesotho[d]
30,355
South Africa
1
Liechtenstein
160
Switzerland, Austria
2
Luxembourg
2,586
Belgium, Germany, France
3
Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)
25,713
Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania
5
Malawi
118,484
Zambia, Tanzania, Mozambique
3
Mali
1,240,192
Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Senegal, Mauritania
7
Moldova
33,846
Romania, Ukraine
2
Mongolia
1,566,500
China, Russia
2
Artsakh[c]
11,458
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran
3
Nepal
147,181
China, India
2
Niger
1,267,000
Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Algeria
7
Paraguay
406,752
Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia
3
Rwanda
26,338
Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo
4
San Marino[d]
61
Italy
1
Serbia
88,361
Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania(via Kosovo and Metohija[c])
8
Slovakia
49,035
Austria, Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine, Hungary
5
South Ossetia[c]
3,900
Georgia, Russia
2
South Sudan
619,745
Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic
6
Swaziland
17,364
Mozambique, South Africa
2
Switzerland
41,284
France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Austria, Italy
5
Tajikistan
143,100
Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China
4
Transnistria[c]
4,163
Moldova, Ukraine
2
Turkmenistan[a]
488,100
Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Iran
4
Uganda
241,038
Kenya, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania
5
Uzbekistan
449,100
Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan
5
Vatican City[d]
0.44
Italy
1
West Bank[b][c]
5,655
Israel, Jordan
2
Zambia
752,612
The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Angola
8
Zimbabwe
390,757
South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, Mozambique
4




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